#21) Billon Antoninianus (Double Denarius) of Valerian, (A.D. 253-260).
Moesia, Viminacium, A.D. 254-255.
RIC 218(Scarce).
Obv: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG.
Rev: PACATORI ORBIS - Jupiter, seated, with patera and scepter; eagle at feet.
22 x 19 mm, 3.4 g.
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Valerian

Valerian was declared emperor after the death of Trebonnius Gallus (and the murder of Aemelian by his own troops). He inherited an empire in chaos, constantly beset by civil unrest, plague, and attack from outside forces. During an attempt to negotiate peace with Shapur I, ruler of the Persian Empire, he was taken prisoner and brought back to Persia, where legend has it he spent the rest of his life serving as a human footstool for the king. His capture, enslavement, and the Empire’s inability to do anything to help him probably marks the nadir Ancient Rome’s military history.

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