Second Triumvir, 43-33 B.C.
Imperator, 31-27 B.C.
Augustus, 27 B.C.-14 A.D.
Rome mint, A.D. 11-12
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AUGVSTVS IMP XX
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIII, encircling SC
Adopted by Julius Caesar as his heir, Octavian Caesar, declared “Augustus” by the Roman Senate, was a successful general and an even greater politician. His defeat of Mark Anthony paved the way for his becoming the first emperor of the Roman world. Though his appointment was originally intended to be temporary and his acquisition of power gradual, he remained emperor for life. His reign marks the end of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire. Many consider him one of Rome’s greatest leaders.